The adulterer and the adulteress, scourge ye each one of them (with) a hundred stripes. In the second place, Jesus declared in no uncertain terms: “Whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery” (Matthew 19:9, emp. These verses show that the Quran implicitly endorses armed conflict and war to advance Islam. added). The Bible’s Credentials as Scripture We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father’s side, and the daughters of thine uncles on the mother’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the mother’s side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage—a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers—We are aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and, those whom their right hands possess—that thou mayst be free from blame, for Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. The standard Muslim attempt to justify the Quran’s endorsement of violence is that such violence was undertaken in self-defense (e.g., Surah 42:41). Allah is Mighty, Wise” (Surah 5:38, emp. For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing. Muhammad would have been the recipient of considerable information conveyed orally by his Jewish, and even Christian, contemporaries. One suspects that, at the time, the technical distinction escaped the citizens of those conquered countries, even as it surely does the reader. The Qur’an’s Problems as Scripture B. In the New Testament, several named women have close relationships with Jesus, and several are described as leaders and “prophetesses” in the early Church. One late claim 2. The present discussion in the world regarding whether or not jihad includes physical force in the advancement of Islam is ultimately irrelevant (cf. Be not as those who disbelieved and said of their brethren who went abroad in the land or were fighting in the field: If they had been (here) with us they would not have died or been killed.... And what though ye be slain in Allah’s way or die therein? Apart from the fact that the claim that Muhammad’s advocacy of fighting was justifiable on the ground of self-defense is contrary to the historical facts (since the wars waged by Muhammad and the territorial expansion of Islam achieved by his subsequent followers cannot all be dismissed as defensive), this explanation fails to come to grips with the propriety of shedding of blood and inflicting violence—regardless of the reason. Rodwell, J.M., trans. 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. One would expect an uninspired book to contradict itself or speak ambiguously on various subjects, at times appearing both … 4:11; 2:223,228,282; 38:45; 16:58-59; see also Brooks, 1995; Trifkovic, 2002, pp. Thou art Able to do all things. Allah citeth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot, who were under two of our righteous slaves yet betrayed them so that they (the husbands) availed them naught against Allah and it was said (unto them): Enter the Fire along with those who enter. Lo! The Quran vs. the New Testament: Conflicting Ethics. Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! added). Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Lings, pp. The enemy should have been completely slaughtered, with no quarter given. For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.’ And they went to another village” (Luke 9:55). Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? May 5, 2019 - 10:18 am . But if you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can (Surah 2:216-217, emp. The comparison will also shed light on the common themes of the Bible and the Quran and study the significance and use of sacred texts … In less than a century after the establishment of the first Islamic society in Medina by the Prophet, Arab armies had conquered a land stretching from the Indus River to France and brought with them Islam, which, contrary to popular Western conceptions, was not, however, forced on the people by the sword (2003, p. 17, emp. Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. even though these documents are written in the six hundreds and they're gonna say that no we can't trust what the New Testament writers wrote. [Ali, Religion, pp. Muslim scholar Seyyed Nasr seems unconscious of the inherent self-contradiction apparent in his own remark: The spread of Islam occurred in waves. Print Topic. There doesn’t seem to be the same academic freedom to examine the Quran … Jesus gave one, and only one, reason for divorce in God’s sight. That is, Christianity, generally speaking, has the model of 1] God, 2] His fully-divine earthly representation, Jesus, and 3] a sacred text about that relationship, the New Testament. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you. Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took. Islam and the Quran have a great many features that the Christian mind (i.e., one guided by the New Testament) finds ethically objectionable. To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. Note: The following article was taken from the Hyde Park Christian fellowship - an informal network of Christian researchers in the UK, whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity. There are numerous events that occur in both but may be told differently just as there are the same people mentioned but looked at from a different perspective. Early extra-Biblical sources Quran (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was not crucified and did not die. No sources 3. For the sake the argument Islam is true for this topic. But the Christian mind must realize that Muhammad’s Islam arose out of Arabia in the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. There simply was no viable solution to their condition except extermination. Setting aside the issue of why Muhammad was exempt from the limitation of four wives (Surah 33:50), the divine origin of the Quran is discredited on the basis of its stance on polygamy. Observe that the surah is complete with threats of the fire of hell, as well as the allusion to the wives of Noah and Lot as examples of disobedient wives who went to hell. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. zebman. Allah loveth not aggressors. Another surah describes how allowances respecting the daily prayers were to be made for Muhammad’s Muslim warriors when engaged in military action: And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. The Koran is divided into 114 chapters, or suras, which are arranged in order of decreasing length, with the exception of the brief first sura, which is part of a Muslim's daily prayer.. Muslims reject the Bible—and by extension, Christianity and Judaism—as being corrupt and superseded by the Koran. He would also cancel previous texts through so-called abrogation: Muhammad “would tell his followers that certain portions of the Quran he had relayed before were no longer to be recited as part of the Quran.” (110) Therefore, if Muhammad needed part of the text to go away, he would replace it with another and tell his followers to stop reciting the earlier text and forget it. However, the Quran depicts Mary as the only woman who talks to the divine, when she speaks to the angel Gabriel before her conception of Jesus through “the divine breath” (Quran 66:12). The one generally preferred by Muslim commentators speaks of Hafsah finding the Prophet in her room with Mariyah—the Coptic girl given to Muhammad by the ruler of Egypt, who became the mother of his only son, Ibrahim—on a day that, according to his customary rotation among his wives, was assigned to A’ishah. Those who have modeled their thinking after New Testament Christianity are, to say the least, a bit surprised, if not shocked and appalled, that Islam countenances polygamy. Scribes were very conservative in their handling of the text, and were fearful of “losing” anything that was in the copy or copies they were working from. Their moral depravity was “full” (Genesis 15:16). That is, they prevented dispensers of justice from punishing too harshly or too much. Early Christian scribes vs. Quran scribes. “Those who have been given the Scripture” is a reference to Jews and Christians. Of course, this viewpoint was explicitly contradicted by Jesus Christ (Matthew 22:30). Sorting Apples from Oranges B. Hence, the Muslim is forced to maintain the self-contradictory position that, yes, there have been times that Islam has been properly violent and, yes, the Quran does endorse violence, but, no, most Muslims are not violent, and then only in self-defense. 1 Posts (Offline) 1. My question is: How can Muslims claim that they believe any of the New Testament was originally revealed by God, since the corruption must have begun at the cross. added; Tisdall, 1905, pp. added). But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. So the Quran indicates that at the Battle of Badr, no captives should have been taken. Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor (Romans 13:1-7, emp. God’s people who live posterior to the cross of Christ (i.e., Christians) are not charged by God with the responsibility of inflicting physical punishment on the evildoer. Qur'an vs New Testament There are many similarities between the Quran and the New Testament. However, with the arrival of New Testament Christianity—an international religion intended for all persons without regard to ethnicity or nationality—God has assigned to civil government (not the church or the individual) the responsibility of regulating secular behavior. Minneapolis: Thoughts of Light Publishing, 2013. We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. First, on the one hand, it doubles the more reasonable and appropriate forty stripes (Deuteronomy 25:3)—a number that the Jews were so concerned not to exceed that they counted thirty-nine and stopped to allow for accidental miscount (2 Corinthians 11:24). Worship at fixed hours hath been enjoined on the believers. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. It may happen that his Lord, if he divorce you, will give him in your stead wives better than you, submissive (to Allah), believing, pious, penitent, inclined to fasting, widows and maids. As "The Encyclopaedia of the Quran" notes, this is likely an Arabic reference to the Torah, the first five books of the Old Testament, which are traditionally ascribed to Moses. Defense Vs. Total Annihilation "Much to my surprise, the Islamic scriptures in the Quran were actually far less bloody and less violent than those in the Bible," Jenkins says. (As for these), fulfill their treaty to them till their term. The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. This article compares the basics of textual integrity. And I command mine handmaid, Emma Smith, to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. So the validity of any religion is determined ultimately not by the imperfect, inaccurate practice of the religion by even a majority of its adherents, but by the official authority or standard upon which it is based, i.e., its Scriptures. B. Their light will run before them and on their right hands: they will say: Our Lord! On the other hand, this eighty increases to one hundred for adultery. When the Prophet confided a fact unto one of his wives and when she afterward divulged it and Allah apprised him thereof, he made known (to her) part thereof and passed over part. It contains the religious texts and laws of Islam and is considered to be the compilation of verbatim words of 'Allah' as dictated to Muhammad. Two such matters are addressed in this article: polygamy and armed conflict. Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. by Sami Ameri. The surah advocates coercion against Jews and Christians in order to physically force them to pay the jizyah—a special religious tax imposed on religious minorities (see Nasr, 2002, p. 166). The Bible is 100% true and the absolute word of God. It is a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. And when ye ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. 129-130). Textual Criticism of the Qur’an and the Bible: A True Comparison A. When … The Quran vs. the New Testament: Conflicting Ethics. Killing is better than being persecuted! 73:20). RSS. These admonitions bear a remarkable resemblance to Mormon Joseph Smith’s own advocacy of plural marriages and the revelation allegedly received from God admonishing his own wife, Emma Smith, to be receptive to his polygamy: Verily, I say unto you: A commandment I give unto mine handmaid, Emma Smith, your wife, whom I have given unto you, that she stay herself and partake not of that which I commanded you to offer unto her; for I did it, saith the Lord, to prove you all, as I did Abraham, and that I might require an offering at your hand, by covenant and sacrifice. And when ye are in safety, observe proper worship. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. Anyone who has read both the Quran and the New Testament cannot help but be struck by the glaring disparity that exists between the two in their respective treatments of ethical matters. True Christianity (i.e., that which is based strictly on the New Testament) dictates peace and non-retaliatory promotion of itself. Muhammad and the Quran stand in diametrical opposition to Jesus and the New Testament. that in Allah’s sight would be an enormity (Surah 33:50-53, emp. The time span for the … And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain (Surah 47:4, emp. Ye desire the lure of this world and Allah desireth (for you) the Hereafter, and Allah is Mighty, Wise. And Allah citeth an example for those who believe: the wife of Pharaoh when she said: My Lord! Additionally, since the nation of Israel was also a civil entity in its own right, the government was also charged with implementing civil retribution upon lawbreakers. Responses that touch on all aspects will receive higher points! It is a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Bible is a complex and composite blend of religious myth, historical narrative, legal enactments, prophetic admonitions, cautionary tales, and poetry composed over a long 2 Chapter One. Lo! Trifkovic, Serge (2002), The Sword of the Prophet (Boston, MA: Regina Orthodox Press). I know there’s a few critical scholars of the Quran who say it was not copied reliably at all. Dr. Jonathan McLatchie vs. Bashir Vania Here is my latest debate, with Islamic scholar Bashir Vania, on whether the New Testament or Qur'an is a better successor to the Old Testament. It leads people straight to hell. 58. In the first place, for all practical purposes the Quran authorizes a man to have as many wives as he chooses, since its teaching on divorce contradicts its teaching on marriage. Quran. 33:26). added)—the very opposite of the Aqabah pact. And when thou (O Muhammad) art among them and arrangest (their) worship for them, let only a party of them stand with thee (to worship) and let them take their arms. because these documents back here in New Testament times have been corrupted. Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. I will attempt to be as unbiased in my presentation as possible before concluding. The conflicting ethics advocated in the Quran are proof of the Quran’s human origin. Indeed, the final verse of Surah 2 calls upon Allah to give Muslims “victory over the disbelieving folk” (vs. 286), rendered by Rodwell: “give us victory therefore over the infidel nations.” That this stance by the Quran was to be expected is evident from the formulation of the Second Pledge of Aqabah, in which the men pledged their loyalty and their commitment to protecting Muhammad from all opponents. The total number of verses is 6,240. This includes both the New Testament and the Old Testament. 67-69 were revealed when the Prophet had decided to spare the lives of the prisoners taken at Badr and hold them to ransom, against the wish of Omar, who would have executed them for their past crimes. Make no excuses for yourselves this day. This revision reflects Muhammad’s rejection of the divinity of any being except Allah: C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person . If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban); and if ye aid one another against him (Muhammad) then lo! Nasr, 2002, pp. added; cf. period and edited at some point into a single Book. Such is the reward of disbelievers. EDITORS’ NOTE: The following article is exerpted from Dave Miller’s newly released book The Quran Unveiled. 41-42]. The course will examine the status of the Quran and the Bible (the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament), analyse their nature as sacred texts, introduce the historical origins of the texts and compare the Bible and the Quran as literary works. The King James Version of the Bible, used by English-speaking Protestants, consists of 66 books, divided into an Old Testament and a New Testament. We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. But if they desist, then lo! The one time that one of His close followers took it upon himself to do so, the disciple was soundly reprimanded and ordered to put the sword away, with the added warning: “all who take the sword will perish by the sword” (Matthew 26:52). The Arab culture was well known for the practice of polygamy, in which men were allowed as many wives as they chose. He did so in order to eliminate the morally corrupt Canaanite civilizations that lived in Palestine prior to the Israelite occupation of the land (Deuteronomy 9:4; 18:9-12; Leviticus 18:24-25,27-28). That (is the ordinance). Allah prepareth for the disbelievers shameful punishment. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Lo! added). 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