The gateway to Britain's National Rail network. Mothballed Morrinsville to Waitoa, reopened 2004 as Waitoa Branch. Closed Mount Somers – Springburn 1957, Tinwald – Mount Somers 1968, Closed Oxford – Sheffield 1930, Rangiora – Oxford 1959, Closed Waimate – Waihao Downs 1953, Studholme – Waimate 1966, Closed Inch Valley – Dunback 1968, Palmerston – Makareao 1989, Closed Kurow – Hakataramea 1930, Pukeuri – Kurow 1983, Closed Windsor Junction – Tokarahi 1930, Taylor's Siding – Ngapara 1959, Waiareka Junction – Taylor's Siding 1997. All were progressively closed (mostly in the 1980s), leaving only Hutt Workshops still operating. These were lines principally constructed to haul timber or minerals, often in isolated areas. [45], In the 1950s and 1960s, most provincial routes had railcar and locomotive-hauled passenger services. Following soon after is Wairarapa escapee DFB 7010 with train 200 as the rain comes down, then heading south is DL 9106 with train MP9. [38], Freight levels have returned to the level that they were at when the railway had a virtual monopoly on land transport, prior to 1983. [10], Following the abolition of the provinces in 1876, railway lines were controlled by the central government, originally under the Public Works Department, and from 1880 under the New Zealand Railways Department. All of the rolling stock (except the diesel locomotives) is owned by Greater Wellington Rail Limited, a subsidiary of Greater Wellington Regional Council. Container loading depots were constructed at the major freight terminals. The City Rail Link is an underground rail line currently under construction linking Britomart Transport Centre to Mount Eden railway station in Auckland, and is due to open in 2024. Bus Train Ferry; Cycling & Walking; Driving & Parking; Projects & Roadworks; About us; Kia Ora Auckland, Welcome to AT. [79] NZR also rebuilt some of the DG class locomotives. Alerts for delays; Get me home ; NRE twitter updates; Download now. Remainder became Rotowaro Branch. In 1991, the rail, inter-island ferry and infrastructure businesses of the Railways Corporation were split off into New Zealand Rail Limited, which was in turn privatised in 1993, and renamed Tranz Rail in 1995. Ownership of the national rail network is vested in KiwiRail Holdings Limited, with land owned by the New Zealand Railways Corporation. One of the reasons often cited for these policies was that the cost of using road transport to Tranz Rail was less than that of using rail because the road infrastructure is provided as a public good, whereas the rail network was a private good. After the 1983 land transport deregulation there was a substantial rationalisation of freight facilities; many stations and smaller yards were closed and freight train services were sped up, increased in length and made heavier, with the removal of guard's vans in 1987 and the gradual elimination of older rolling stock, particularly four-wheeled wagons. Trains ran the 12 miles (19 km) between Napier and Hastings but some were replaced by a New Zealand Railways Road Services bus in 1926, and soon they ceased altogether. Read more [36], Freight is carried by KiwiRail and provides the majority of its revenue traffic. The railway network was initially constructed by the provincial governments of New Zealand from 1863 onwards. New Zealand's first public railway was opened in that year, running the short distance between Christchurch and the wharf at Ferrymead and built by the Canterbury Provincial Railways. 840 likes. The Corporation embarked on a major restructuring, laying off thousands of staff and cutting unprofitable services. [84] Auckland's AM class and Wellington's FP/FT class "Matangi" electric multiple units use the Scharfenberg coupling. With a "rake of assorted wagons" and one or two passenger carriages, often listed as "goods with car" in timetables, they were slow, often stopping and shunting wagons en route. Some pupils reached home after dark in the winter and had to milk cows before and after school. [78], Starting from the mid-1970s, the first generation diesel locomotives were withdrawn, being replaced by new locomotives, predominantly designs from North America. While our rail network isn’t vast, thanks to their skill and determination, there are some incredible train journeys on offer. Steam remained in the South Island until November 1971, when the last seven JA locomotives that worked the Main South Line were withdrawn from revenue service, steam in the South Island having been displaced by the DJ class locomotive. One exception to this rule was the Ohai Railway Board in Southland, which was owned by the State Mines department and a local county council until its dissolution in 1990. AM class EMUs wrapped with artwork roaming the Auckland rail network. Available on the AppStore. New Zealand Rail Maps Home Page. Freight on the North Island Main Trunk line between Auckland and Palmerston North saw an increase of 39% in freight volumes between 2006 and 2007. [25] The new organisation created to operate services on the rail network was named KiwiRail. [65][66] Difficult terrain meant that some lines took years to complete, and has necessitated a number of complicated engineering feats, notably the Raurimu Spiral and Rimutaka Incline (the latter no longer in use). The railway network in New Zealand consists of four main lines, six secondary lines and numerous short branch lines in almost every region. The network was initially protected from road transport competition under the Transport Licensing Act 1931, but this protection was gradually eased until its total abolition in 1983, along with the deregulation of the land transport industry. New Rivet Games route for TSW 2 - Isle Of Wight: Ryde-Shanklin route with the classic BR Class 483 to drive! New timetables are coming to Victoria's train network from Sunday 31 January 2021. It links all major urban centres except Nelson, Taupo, Queenstown, Whakatane and (since 2012) Gisborne. Closed Hokitika – Ross 1980, Freight only. Train routes are mainly limited to travel between the main cities and more provincial towns. By 1999, tonnes carried had increased to 12.9 million tonnes, slightly more than the 1975 peak. China railway maps of 2021 show the railway network of China, high speed rail operation map covering, map of top train travel routes, and some maps of top high speed train routes… [39] In the 2006–2007 financial year, 13.7 million tonnes of freight were carried. The Canterbury Provincial Railways were built to the broad gauge of 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm). A portal into UK rail travel including train company information and promotions; train times; fares enquiries; ticket purchase and train running information. The General Electric manufactured DX class were introduced from 1972–1975, and the original DF class were withdrawn and the General Motors DF class introduced from 1979. New fashionedTour Operator - Mission: TraveLeague ist ein neuer Reiseveranstalter, gegründet von den Spezialisten im Segment Auto-Reisen Europa. Book bus tickets online - no credit card required. School season passes increased from 8720 in 1899 to 29,705 in 1914–15, when one in seven primary and secondary students travelled by train. View gallery. Only the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company, nationalised in 1908, achieved any measure of success, with the rest being purchased by the Government before completion of their intended railway lines. The Invercargill to Bluff service stopped in 1967; in 1929 the sole Clayton steam railcar had been used. Mothballed: Napier to Muriwai 2012. [91] The next most serious accident was the Hyde railway disaster of 1943, when the Cromwell - Dunedin express derailed after travelling at excessive speed. [56] Another famous example was Sir Edmund Hillary who commuted by school train from Tuakau to Auckland Grammar School for three and a half hours, a one-hour and 40 minutes journey each way. Train & Rail Tours & Trips in New Zealand Relax and admire breathtaking views in New Zealand only accessible by train journey. signals tell the driver what speed they should proceed, but not necessarily the route they will take. [95], New Zealand National Film Unit Film Director David Sims completed a number of films on the history of New Zealand railways,[96] including Main Trunk Century (2009); The Truth About Tangiwai (2002); Total Steam (1996); North Island Main Trunk (1995). Closed, 1958 (Line owned by NZ Mines Dept, operated by NZR after 1940). [21], In 2003, the share price of Tranz Rail dropped to a record low on the New Zealand sharemarket, dropping 88% in value in 12 months[22] as a result of its poor financial state and credit downgrading. The railway network was initially constructed by the provincial governments of New Zealand from 1863 onwards. Cited reasons included a "level playing field" for freight movements on road and rail, and ensuring access to the tracks for all interested parties. Narrow gauge of 3ft 6in (1,067mm) was adopted nationally. Freight only. [44], All other lines are operated by voluntary societies. [16], New Zealand Rail Limited was privatised in 1993. NRE for the iPad. Every week more than 900 freight trains – almost 130 a day – operate on our 3500km of network from Whangarei to the Bluff. From the late 1950s branch lines closed, and by the 2000s, there were less than 4,000 kilometres of railway lines. New Zealand train tours. [23] The government then considered various schemes for bailing it out in return for regaining control of the rail infrastructure. The Railways Department became the New Zealand Railways Corporation. The first new diesel locomotives imported to New Zealand since the 1970s were the DL class locomotives from China, arriving from 2010 onwards. [8] The Canterbury Provincial Railways were built to the broad gauge of 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm). Freight only. The network is owned and managed by KiwiRail. [64], The entire network is built to the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge, chosen due to the need to cross mountainous terrain in the country's interior and the lower cost of construction. Major street tramway networks were constructed in Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin, with smaller operations in Gisborne, Napier, New Plymouth, Wanganui, Nelson and Invercargill. The Northern Explorer train service is a scenic rail journey through the five unique geographical regions of the North Island - travelling between Auckland, New Zealand's largest city - home of the Sky Tower, through the central heartland of the North Island to Wellington - New Zealand's harbour capital and arts and culture centre. Over 100 bus services across North & South Islands. The biggest of these were the Westfield Deviation of the North Island Main Trunk from Auckland to Westfield Junction via Panmure and Glen Innes, opened 1930, the Tawa Flat deviation in Wellington, opened 1937;[68] the Rimutaka deviation to the Wairarapa, opened 1955;[67] and the Kaimai deviation in the Bay of Plenty, opened 1978. Freight & Passenger Wellington to Masterton, Westfield Junction – Southdown Freight Centre, Britomart Transport Centre – Newmarket – Swanson, Britomart Transport Centre – Newmarket – Penrose – Onehunga, Closed Paeroa to Apata, September 1978. Urban tram operations, built from scratch as tourist attractions, have more recently been restarted in Christchurch (1995) Auckland (2011), and Wanganui (2013). New Zealand train tours are a great way to explore New Zealand and to learn of our history and heritage. 33", "Papers Past — Marlborough Express — 2 July 1913 — THE WAIRAU VALLEY RAILWAY", "Papers Past — Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle — 4 Hōngongoi 1867 — WESTPORT AND CHARLESTON RAILWAY", Dunedin Peninsula and Ocean Beach Railway, New Zealand railway museums and heritage lines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_railway_lines_in_New_Zealand&oldid=999462011, Lists of buildings and structures in New Zealand, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Freight & passenger (Christchurch – Rolleston), Freight & Passenger(charter/cruise). [43][44], Mixed trains were "once the backbone of the New Zealand railway passenger system" on branch and even main lines; but the last scheduled mixed train ran between Whangarei and Opua on 6 June 1977. These groups have operated special excursion trains on the national network since 1978, and have been allowed to use suitable locomotives to haul these trains since 1985. Closed beyond Gas works and Andersons Bay Rd warehousing 1942. All are operated by The Great Journeys of New Zealand, a division of KiwiRail, and are tourism focused except for the Capital Connection, which is a commuter service. This map shows New Zealand’s rail network between 1880 and 1940. After the WMR, perhaps the best-known private railway was the New Zealand Midland Railway Company, which constructed parts of the Midland, Nelson and West Coast lines. By 1981, NZR employed 22,000 staff. The Christchurch-Lyttelton suburban service was stopped in 1972 when passengers were down to "a busload". Close. [80] Some second-hand locomotives were imported from Queensland Rail in the mid-1990s and rebuilt as DQ class locomotives, most of these locomotives were then re-exported to TasRail, then part-owned by Tranz Rail. Passenger only beyond Taieri. New Zealand's longest running passenger service, the Northern Explorer is a long distance scenic train service running between Auckland and Wellington, stopping at … [9] Some proposals have been particularly significant due to their extent, publicity, or how close they came to being realised (in some cases, the track bed was built). Many railway lines have been proposed, especially in the 19th century, but never constructed. Rail transformed – Story: Railways", "New Zealand Railways Corporation - Statement of Corporate Intent - 2016-2018", "New Zealand National Freight Study 2008", "Rail safety report on South Island Coal Route", "Tranz Rail a case for public-private partnership", "NZ stocks: Tranz Rail plunges, NZ sharemarket ignores rises offshore", "Process for agreeing the purchase price for the Toll businesses", "New Zealand to invest almost $NZ 1bn in rail", "KiwiRail investment through Land Transport fund: government proposal 'historic' - chief exec", "High-speed Auckland to Rotorua rail link proposed", "Hamilton-Auckland train trial gets tick from NZ Transport Agency", "Coronavirus: Start date for Hamilton to Auckland passenger train delayed", "Govt's $12b infrastructure spend: Rail, roads and DHBs the big winners", "Statistics New Zealand - Long term data series - J Transport - J2 Rail - J2.1 Passengers and freight carried by rail.xls", "KiwiRail may spend $50M on new carriages", "Plan to get Dunedin Railways back on track", "Wellingtons trains to be run by French company Transdev after KiwiRail loses contract", "ARC chief unhappy at delay to new service", "Daily activities - Integrated and affordable public transport", "Labour promises rail within 18 months for Hamilton commuters", "Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand – Blenheim Station", "Promoting sustainability in New Zealand's rail system – New Zealand Transport Agency Research Report 370", "KiwiRail to mothball Napier-Gisborne Line", "Kiwirail looking overseas for couplings", "Bay of Islands Vintage Railway - Our Future", New Zealand Railway and Locomotive Society, Regulation of Rail Transport in New Zealand, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rail_transport_in_New_Zealand&oldid=1002491214, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 18:22. The Tranz Alpine train operates daily between Christchurch, Arthurs Pass and Greymouth - from the east coast to the west coast of New Zealand's South Island. An 1873 map indicated that it was intended to link up all the current and authorised routes into a national network. UPDATE: Services returned for the summer! In 1965, 25 million passengers travelled by rail; by 1998 the number had decreased to 11.7 million. [29], In 2019, the government began a "Future of Rail" review, and in December 2019 released a draft New Zealand Rail Plan, outlining changes to the rail transport industry. From the late 19th century the expanding rail network opened up exciting leisure and tourism opportunities for ordinary New Zealand families. 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